The United States Senate requires a supermajority of 60 percent to move to a vote through a cloture motion, which closes debate on a bill or nomination, thus ending a filibuster by a minority of members. There are currently 100 members, so sixty percent is sixty Senators.
Under Senate Rule XXII, a three-fifths vote of all Senators (60 of 100) is required to invoke cloture (the closure of debate) on most questions. However, a two-thirds vote of the Senators present and voting is required to invoke cloture on measures or motions to amend Senate rules.
When was the last supermajority in Congress?
During the first Obama administration; the 111th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government from January 3, 2009, until January 3, 2011.
Here’s a list of things President Obama, the Democrat-controlled Senate and House failed to pass during their two-year window of absolute rule: